Ismail Wellid, Muhammad Reza Fachriansyah, Markus Markus, Nani Yuningsih, Kasni Sumeru


Padalarang has been known as a limestone mining. In limestone processing, in addition to produce significant air pollution at the process location, also to the the surrounding areas. The purpose of the study was to measure particulate concentration of PM10 and its effect on health of the people living in Padalarang and surroudings. Data collection of PM10 concentration was collected using a particle counter (HTI-9600) and carried out at distance of 1 to 4 km to the east of Padalarang, for 5 days and 12 hours/day, from 07.00 to 19.00 local time. The results showed that the highest concentrations of PM10 in the center of limestone processing was 212 µg/m3, much higher than standards, that is 150 µg/m3. The results also showed that a relatively safe distance for human health due to air pollution is more than 2 km from the center of the limestone industry. The high air pollution caused by the limestone industry is highly correlated with the number of acute respitatory infection (ARI) cases in Padalarang, which is an average of more than 4000 cases/year for three years, from 2019 to 2021. It is much higher than cases of ARI in the adjacent sub-disctric, which is less than 1500 cases/year.


PM10, Limestone Industry, Acute Respiratory Infection

Full Text:



Akili, R.H., Kolibu, F., & Tucuna, A.C. 2017. Kejadian Penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut pada Pekerja Tambang Kapur. Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, 11(1): 41-45.

Becherini, F., Cassar, J., Galea, M., & Bernardi A. 2016. Evaluation of the Shelters over the Prehistoric Megalithic Temples of Malta: Environmental Considerations. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(1079). https ://doi.org/10.1007/s1266 5-016-5875-z.

Bwala, D., Bratveit, M., & Moen, B.E. 2011. Chronic Respiratory Symptoms among Workers at a Limestone Factory in Zambia. Archives Environmental & Occupational Health, 66(1): 47-50.

Cabello-Briones, C., & Viles, H.A. 2017. Evaluating the effects of open shelters on limestone deterioration at archaeological sites in different climatic location. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 11(6), 816–828. https ://doi.org/10.1080/15583 058.2017.1300710.

EEA-3. 2019. Air quality in Europe-2019 report, EEA Report No10/2019, European Environment Agency. https ://www.eea.europa.eu//publicatio ns/air quality in europe-2019. Accessed 10 August 2022.

ERA. 2018. Malta Environment & Resources Authority. State of the environment report 2018, Chapter 2: Ambient Air. Environment & Resources Authority, Malta. https://era.org.mt/en/Pages /State -of-the-Environmen t-Repor t.aspx. Accessed 10 August 2022.

Grontoft, T., & Cassar, J. 2020. An Assessment of the Contribution of Air Pollution to the Weathering of Limestone Heritage in Malta. Environmental Earth Sciences. 79(288), 1-16.

Mahesh P.A., Jayaraj, B.S., Chaya, S.K., Lokesh K.S., McKay A.J., Prabhakar A.K., & Pape U.J. 2014. Variation in the Prevalence of Chronic Bronchitis among Smokers: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Tuberculosis Lung Disease, 18: 862–869.

Meier, R., Eeftens, M., Phuleria, H.C., Ineichen, A., Corradi, E., Davey, M., Fierz, M., Ducret-Stich, R.E., Aguilera, I., & Schindler C. 2015. Divergences in indoor versus outdoor concentrations of ultrafine particles, PM2.5, PM absorbance and NO2 in Swiss homes. Journal of Exposure Science Environmental Epidemiology, 2015, 25, 499–505.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Pengendalian Pencemaran Udara.

Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indondesia No. P.14 Tahun 2020 (Permen LHK RI No. P.14 tahun 2020).

Tolinggi, S., Nakoe, M.R., Gobel, I.A., Sengke, J., Keman, S., & Sudiana, I.K. 2014. Effect Inhaling of Limestone Dust Exposure on Increased Level of IL-8 Serum and Pulmonary Function Decline to Workers of Limestone Mining Industry, International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science, 3(8): 66-72.

Yulaekah, S., Adi, M.S., & Nurjazuli N. 2007. Pejanan debu terhirup dan gangguan fungsi paru pada pekerja batu kapur (Studi di desa Mrisi Kecamatan Tanggungharjo Kabupaten Grobogan). Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, 6(1), 24-31.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jil.17.1.p.11-20


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Pascasarjana Universitas Riau

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.